Life cycle assessment

Second IPA LCA Study (2017 data)

In 2020, the PGM industry conducted a second industry-wide Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) based on 2017 production data and adapting to new reporting requirements. The study was reviewed according to ISO 14040 (2006) & 14044 (2006) and ISO/TS 14071 (2014) by and independent technical expert.

The LCA has been conducted on platinum, palladium, and rhodium, since these are the most relevant metals for application in catalytic converters, an application accounting for over 60% of demand in 2017.

in 2022, we have updated our data set with new upstream data (energy etc.) from the GaBi database, reflecting changes in the electricity grid and other areas. There have also been some modifications to the secondary data as more pre-processing data have been included and a more realistic approach to waste stream calculations has been adopted.

The LCA Fact Sheet can be downloaded here.

More information on the second LCA study can be found under PGMs in the Life Cycle.